ESV Study Bible Online Index

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Articles
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Contents
The Old Testament
Background to the New Testament
The New Testament
Articles and Resources
Contents
Title Page
Introduction
Contributors
Preface
Overview of the Bible: A Survey of the History of Salvation
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The Old Testament
The Theology of the Old Testament
The Date of the Exodus
Introduction to the Pentateuch
Introduction to the Historical Books
Introduction to the Poetic and Wisdom Literature
Introduction to the Prophetic Books
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Background to the New Testament
The Time between the Testaments
The Roman Empire and the Greco-Roman World at the Time of the New Testament
Jewish Groups at the Time of the New Testament
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The New Testament
The Theology of the New Testament
The Date of Jesus’ Crucifixion
Reading the Gospels and Acts
Reading the Epistles
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Articles and Resources
God’s Plan of Salvation
Biblical Doctrine: An Overview
Biblical Ethics: An Overview
Interpreting the Bible
Reading the Bible
The Canon of Scripture
The Reliability of Bible Manuscripts
Archaeology and the Bible
The Original Languages of the Bible
The Septuagint
How the New Testament Quotes and Interprets the Old Testament
The Bible in Christianity
The Bible and World Religions
The Bible and Religious Cults
History of Salvation in the Old Testament: Preparing the Way for Christ
Colophon
Maps
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Charts
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Charts of the Old Testament
Charts of the New Testament
Charts of the Back Matter
Charts of the Old Testament
Old Testament Timeline: An Overview*
The Hebrew Calendar Compared to the Gregorian (Modern) Calendar
The Generations of Genesis
The Days of Creation
Chronology of Noah’s Time in the Ark
Abraham’s Timeline
Four Kinds of Abraham’s Offspring
Isaac’s Timeline
Jacob’s Timeline
Joseph’s Timeline
Genesis 11:4
Genealogies: Showing Age at Fatherhood and Age at Death
Three Stages of Moses’ Life
Covenantal Call and Dialogue
The Hardening of Pharaoh’s Heart
The Battle between Yahweh and the Rulers of Egypt
Five Major Offerings
Sacrifices
Spectrum of Conditions from Holy to Unclean
Grades of Uncleanness
Holy Feasts
Parallels between Exodus and Numbers
Dated Events from Exodus 40 to Numbers 10
Calendar of Public Sacrifices
Offerings from the Twelve Tribes
Ancient Treaty Structures and Deuteronomy
Historical Books Timeline
Joshua 1:1–9 as a “Table of Contents” for the Rest of the Book
Joshua’s Leadership Is Established
Positive and Negative Patterns of Holy War
Seven Stone Memorials in the Land
The Covenant Renewal Ceremony at Shechem (Josh. 24:2–27) Compared with Other Ancient Treaties
The Judges
Common Cycle for Each Judge
Cycles of Good and Bad under the Judges (2:11–16:31)
Reasons Israel Failed to Take the Promised Land
Samson’s Ten Feats of Strength and Heroism
Anarchy without a King: Bookends of Judges 17–21
Events of 1–2 Samuel Referenced in the Psalms
The Rise of Samuel, Israel’s Last Judge
The Journey of the Ark of the Covenant in 1–2 Samuel
The Fall of Saul and the Rise of David in 1 Samuel
The Rise and Failure of David in 1 and 2 Samuel
Solomon’s Tainted Glory in 1 Kings
Evaluating Kings of Israel and Judah in 1–2 Kings
The Divided Kingdom: Kings of Judah (all dates b.c.)
The Divided Kingdom: Kings of Israel (all dates b.c.)
Basic Chronology of 1–2 Chronicles
Comparison of 1–2 Chronicles with 2 Samuel and 1–2 Kings
The Chronicler’s Presentation of the Reigns of David and Solomon
Relationship of Ezra–Nehemiah to 1–2 Chronicles
Chronology of Ezra–Nehemiah
Chronology of Ezra
Adversaries Hinder Work
Kings of Persia Mentioned in Ezra–Nehemiah
The Hand of God in Ezra and Nehemiah
Chronology of Nehemiah
Chronology in Esther
Hebrew Terms for Types of Poems
Psalms Connected to Incidents in David’s Life
Literary Terms
Structure of the Psalter
The Use of Psalm 22 in Matthew 27
Days of Creation and Psalm 104 Verses
Terms in Psalm 119 for God’s Covenant Revelation
Some Essential Features of a Good Life (Proverbs 19)
Activity of the Writing Prophets during the Reigns of the Kings of Israel and Judah
Kings of Judah in the Time of Isaiah
Datable Events in the Book of Isaiah
Oracles against the Nations in the Prophets
Simplified Overview of Isaiah
Dates of Events in Jeremiah
The Date of Jeremiah’s Call
Parallels to Jeremiah 52
Parallels between Jeremiah and Lamentations
Dates in Ezekiel
Rulers During the Time of Daniel
Explicit References to Dates in Daniel
The Traditional View of Daniel’s Visions
Interpretative Challenge: The Locust Invasion
Occurrences of the key word (ra‘ah; “evil”/“disaster”/“discomfort”) in Jonah
Afflictions of Assyria against Israel
Dates of the Oracles in Haggai (All in 520 b.c.)
Zechariah Texts Quoted in the New Testament Regarding Jesus’ Ministry
Dates of the Oracles in Zechariah
Zechariah’s Visions
Key Themes: Malachi’s Sixfold Wake-up Call to Renewed Covenant Fidelity
The Lord of Hosts: Frequency and Use in the OT
Covenant in Malachi
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Charts of the New Testament
Major Periods within Second Temple Judaism
Jewish and Roman Rulers
Intertestamental Events Timeline
The Herodian Dynasty
Roman Emperors (31 b.c.–a.d. 68)
Philosophical Systems of the First Century a.d.
The Already and Not Yet of the Last Days
New Testament Timeline
Jesus’ Five Discourses
The Twelve Apostles
The Parables of Jesus
Harmony of the Events of Holy Week
Key Themes in Matthew
Timeline for Matthew
Five Controversies from Mark 2:1–3:6
The Three Major Passion Predictions in Mark
Key Themes in Mark
Timeline for Mark
Parallels in the Ministries of Jesus, Peter, and Paul in Luke–Acts
Predictions, Reminders, and Proofs of the Death and Resurrection of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke
Jesus and Prayer in the Gospel of Luke
Key Themes in Luke
Timeline for Luke
Jesus Is God: Specific Examples Where Greek Theos (“God”) Is Applied to Jesus
The First Week of Jesus’ Ministry
Seven Signs Pointing to Jesus as the Messiah
Tangible Images of Believing
Physical Items Used by Jesus to Teach Spiritual Truths
Jewish Festivals Mentioned in John
Witnesses to Jesus
Parallels between John 6 and Numbers 11
Jesus’ “I Am” Statements
The Work of the Trinity
The High Priestly Prayer
Key Themes in John
Timeline for John
Acts 1:8
The Progress of God’s Word in Acts
God’s Sovereignty in Salvation as Seen in Acts
Major Sermons in Acts
Paul Collects an Offering for Judea
Major Events in the Life of the Apostle Paul
Itinerary of Paul’s First Journey
Itinerary of Paul’s Second Journey
Itinerary of Paul’s Third Journey
Key Themes in Acts
Timeline for Acts
The Epistles
Same Themes in Salutation and Doxology of Romans
OT Testimony that All Are under Sin (3:9)
The Trinity in Romans 8
Spiritual Gifts in Paul’s Letters
Key Themes in Romans
Timeline for Romans
Imitating Paul as Paul Imitates Christ
Church Leaders Should Likewise Lead Lives That Are Examples to Imitate
Divorce and Remarriage in 1 Corinthians 7
Paul’s Answers to Questions from the Corinthians
Earthly Bodies and Resurrection Bodies (1 Corinthians 15)
Key Themes in 1 Corinthians
Timeline for 1 Corinthians
The Believer’s Apparent (Temporal) Defeat and Actual (Spiritual) Victory
Weakness and Power (or Strength) in 1–2 Corinthians
The Sufficiency of God in 2 Corinthians
Key Themes in 2 Corinthians
Timeline for 2 Corinthians
Paul’s Visits to Jerusalem in Galatians and Acts
Spectrum of Early Beliefs about How Christians Should Relate to the Law of Moses
Contrasts in Paul’s Allegory (4:21–31)
Key Themes in Galatians
Timeline for Galatians
Trinitarian Formulas and Expressions in Ephesians
Christ and the Church
Principles of Marriage
Key Themes in Ephesians
Timeline for Ephesians
Joy and Rejoicing in Philippians
Partnering with Paul in the Gospel in Many Ways
Key Themes in Philippians
Timeline for Philippians
“In Christ”: A Central Theme in Colossians
Key Themes in Colossians
Timeline for Colossians
The Second Coming in 1 Thessalonians
Key Themes in 1 Thessalonians
Timeline for 1 Thessalonians
The Authentication of Paul’s Letters
Key Themes in 2 Thessalonians
Timeline for 2 Thessalonians
False Teaching and Teachers
Godliness
Qualifications for Elders in 1 Timothy and Titus
Qualifications for Deacons
Key Themes in 1 Timothy
Timeline for 1 Timothy
Key Themes in 2 Timothy
Timeline for 2 Timothy
God and Christ as “Our Savior” in Titus
Key Themes in Titus
Timeline for Titus
Key Themes in Philemon
Timeline for Philemon
Warning Passages in Hebrews
Differences between Levitical High Priests and Jesus the High Priest
Psalm 110 in Hebrews
The Hall of Faith in Hebrews 11
Key Themes in Hebrews
Redemptive History in the Book of Hebrews
Timeline for Hebrews
Echoes of Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount in James
Leviticus 19 in James
Key Themes in James
Timeline for James
Regeneration in the New Testament
Key Themes in 1 Peter
Timeline for 1 Peter
The Deity of Jesus Christ in 2 Peter
Key Themes in 2 Peter
Timeline for 2 Peter
Equivalent Expressions for the “Last Days”
Key Themes in 1 John
Timeline for 1 John
Key Themes in 2 John
Timeline for 2 John
Key Themes in 3 John
Timeline for 3 John
Jude’s Application of Prophecies and Events
Key Themes in Jude
Timeline for Jude
Christ’s Edict-letters to His Seven Churches
Promises to Overcomers
Doxologies to God and the Lamb
Progressively Increasing Destruction
The Seven Trumpets of 8:7–11:19
Four Series of Seven Messages or Visions
Satanic Imitations of God’s Reality
The Seven Benedictions
The Seven Bowls of Wrath (16:2–21)
Enemies of the Church (Revelation 13–19)
God and Jesus Are Alpha and Omega
Key Themes in Revelation
Timeline for Revelation
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Charts of the Back Matter
All Three Persons of the Trinity Vitally Related to Truth
The Theological Process
Studies in Systematic Theology
Ways in Which God Reveals Himself
Attributes of God
Practical Implications of the Incommunicable Attributes of God
Heresies Concerning the Person of Christ
Personal Actions of the Holy Spirit
Divine Attributes of the Holy Spirit
How the Holy Spirit Glorifies Christ
Biblical Descriptions of the Atonement
The Blessings of Salvation
NT Guidelines for Giving
The Traditional Order of OT Canonical Books according to the Talmud
Comparison of Extant Historical Documents
The Hebrew Alphabet
Hebrew Word for “King” in Pointed and Unpointed Form
Transliteration of Hebrew Words in the ESV Study Bible
Transliteration of Greek Words in the ESV Study Bible
Old Testament Passages Cited in the New Testament
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Diagrams
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The Genealogies of Genesis
Outline of Numbers
Israel in Camp and on the March
Positions and Duties of the Levites
Family of Ruth
The 70 Weeks of Daniel 9
Rulers Foretold in Daniel 11
The Day of the Lord in the Prophets
Seven Episodes in Jonah
Historicist School
Futurist (Historical Premillennialism)
Futurist (Dispensational Premillennialism)
Partial Preterist School(s)
Idealist School
Classical Premillennialism
Pretribulational Premillennialism
Postmillennialism
Amillennialism
The “Bookends” of Biblical Theology
Essential vs. Peripheral Doctrine
The Trinity
The Humiliation and Exaltation of Christ
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Illustrations
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Ziggurat
The City of Ur
The Ark of the Covenant
The Table for the Bread of the Presence
The Golden Lampstand
The Tabernacle Tent
The Bronze Altar
The Tabernacle and Court
The Altar of Incense
The High Priest’s Holy Garments
The City of Jericho
Jerusalem in the Time of David (c. 1010–970 b.c.)
Jerusalem in the Time of Solomon (c. 970–930 b.c.)
Solomon’s Temple
Solomon’s Temple and Palace Complex
Bronze Basins and Stands
Jerusalem in the Time of Hezekiah (c. 725–686 b.c.)
Zerubbabel’s Temple
Jerusalem in the Time of Nehemiah (c. 444–420? b.c.)
Ezekiel’s Temple Vision
The City of Babylon
The City of Nineveh
Galilean Fishing Boat
Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus
The Temple Mount in the Time of Jesus
Herod’s Temple in the Time of Jesus
Herod’s Temple Complex in the Time of Jesus
The Synagogue and Jewish Worship
Golgotha and the Temple Mount
The Tomb of Jesus
Rome in the Time of Paul (c. A.D. 60)
Corinth in the Time of Paul (c. A.D. 60)
Ephesus in the Time of Paul (c. A.D. 60)
Philippi in the Time of Paul (c. A.D. 60)
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Introductions
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Old Testament Introductions
New Testament Introductions
Old Testament Introductions
Introduction to Genesis
Introduction to Exodus
Introduction to Leviticus
Introduction to Numbers
Introduction to Deuteronomy
Introduction to Joshua
Introduction to Judges
Introduction to Ruth
Introduction to 1–2 Samuel
Introduction to 2 Samuel
Introduction to 1–2 Kings
Introduction to 2 Kings
Introduction to 1–2 Chronicles
Introduction to 2 Chronicles
Introduction to Ezra
Introduction to Nehemiah
Introduction to Esther
Introduction to Job
Introduction to The Psalms
Introduction to Proverbs
Introduction to Ecclesiastes
Introduction to The Song of Solomon
Introduction to Isaiah
Introduction to Jeremiah
Introduction to Lamentations
Introduction to Ezekiel
Introduction to Daniel
Introduction to Hosea
Introduction to Joel
Introduction to Amos
Introduction to Obadiah
Introduction to Jonah
Introduction to Micah
Introduction to Nahum
Introduction to Habakkuk
Introduction to Zephaniah
Introduction to Haggai
Introduction to Zechariah
Introduction to Malachi
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New Testament Introductions
Introduction to Matthew
Introduction to Mark
Introduction to Luke
Introduction to John
Introduction to Acts
Introduction to Romans
Introduction to 1 Corinthians
Introduction to 2 Corinthians
Introduction to Galatians
Introduction to Ephesians
Introduction to Philippians
Introduction to Colossians
Introduction to 1 Thessalonians
Introduction to 2 Thessalonians
Introduction to 1 Timothy
Introduction to 2 Timothy
Introduction to Titus
Introduction to Philemon
Introduction to Hebrews
Introduction to James
Introduction to 1 Peter
Introduction to 2 Peter
Introduction to 1 John
Introduction to 2 John
Introduction to 3 John
Introduction to Jude
Introduction to Revelation
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Maps
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Maps of the Old Testament
Maps of the New Testament
Map Supplement
Maps of the Old Testament
The Near East at the Time of Genesis
The Garden of Eden
Table of Nations
Abram Travels to Canaan
The Battle at the Valley of Siddim
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
Journeys to Paddan-aram
Jacob Returns to Canaan
Joseph and His Brothers
Egypt at the Time of Joseph
The Journey to Mount Sinai
The Setting of Leviticus
Journeys in the Wilderness
The Journey of the Spies
The Failed Entry into Canaan
The Journey to Canaan
Israel Defeats Og and Sihon
Balaam Blesses Israel
The Boundaries of the Promised Land
The Setting of Deuteronomy
Israel Defeats Og and Sihon
Renewing the Covenant at Mount Ebal
The Setting of Joshua
Preparing to Enter Canaan
Israel Enters Canaan
The Covenant Is Renewed at Mount Ebal
The Conquest of Canaan: The Southern Campaign
The Conquest of Canaan: The Northern Campaign
Kings Defeated by the Israelites
The Allotment of the Land
The Setting of Judges
The Judges of Israel
Ehud Defeats the Moabites
Deborah and Barak Defeat the Canaanites
Gideon Defeats the Midianites
Jephthah Defeats the Ammonites
Samson’s Exploits
Dan’s Migration and Israel’s War with Benjamin
The Setting of Ruth
The Setting of 1 Samuel
The Ark’s Travels in 1 Samuel 3–7
Saul Rescues Jabesh-gilead
The Battle at Michmash
The Battle at Elah
David Flees from Saul
David Recovers Plunder from the Amalekites
The Battle at Mount Gilboa
The Setting of 2 Samuel
David’s Struggle for Power
David Captures the Stronghold of Zion
David Defeats the Philistines
David Defeats the Ammonites and the Syrians
David and Absalom
David’s Census
The Extent of Solomon’s Kingdom
Solomon’s Administrative Districts
Jerusalem at the Time of Solomon
Solomon’s International Ventures
Solomon’s Enemies
The Kingdom Divides
War between Israel and Judah
Elijah and Elisha
Ahab’s Wars with Syria
Israel and Judah in 2 Kings
Moab, Edom, and Libnah Revolt
Jehu Executes Judgment
Syria Captures Gilead
Resurgence during the Time of Azariah and Jeroboam II
Prophets of Israel and Judah
The Resurgence of Assyrian Influence
Syria and Israel Attack Judah
Assyria Captures Northern Israel
The Fall of Samaria and Deportation of Israelites
Assyria Attacks Judah
Josiah’s Reforms and His Battle with Neco
Babylon Attacks Judah
Exile to Babylon
Saul Dies on Mount Gilboa
David Defeats the Philistines
The Extent of David’s Kingdom
David Defeats the Ammonites and the Syrians
The Extent of Solomon’s Kingdom
Solomon’s International Ventures
The Kingdom Divides
Zerah Attacks Judah
War between Israel and Judah
The Moabite Alliance Attacks Judah
Edom and Libnah Revolt
Jehu Executes Judgment
Judah’s Resurgence during Uzziah’s Reign
Syria and Israel Attack Judah
Judah after the Fall of Israel
Hezekiah Fortifies Jerusalem
Assyria Attacks Judah
Josiah’s Reforms and His Battle with Neco
Exile to Babylon
The Persian Empire at the Time of Ezra
Judea under Persian Rule
Jerusalem at the Time of Zerubbabel
The Persian Empire at the Time of Nehemiah
Jerusalem at the Time of Nehemiah
Judea under Persian Rule
The Persian Empire at the Time of Esther
The Near East at the Time of Isaiah
Syria and Israel Attack Judah
Assyria Captures Northern Israel
Assyria Advances toward Jerusalem
Isaiah Prophesies against Moab
Assyria Attacks Judah and Jerusalem
Israel and Judah at the Time of Jeremiah
The Babylonian Empire
Babylon Attacks Judah
The Fall of Jerusalem
Gedaliah Is Assassinated
Jeremiah Prophesies against Egypt
Jeremiah Prophesies against Moab
The Near East at the Time of Ezekiel
Tyre’s International Trade
Ezekiel Prophesies against Egypt
Ezekiel’s Vision of Israel’s New Boundaries
The Empires of Daniel’s Visions: The Babylonians
The Empires of Daniel’s Visions: The Persians
The Empires of Daniel’s Visions: The Greeks
The Empires of Daniel’s Visions: The Ptolemies and the Seleucids (Early)
The Empires of Daniel’s Visions: The Ptolemies and the Seleucids (Late)
The Maccabean Kingdom
The Near East at the Time of Hosea
Israel and Judah at the Time of Hosea
The Setting of Joel
The Near East at the Time of Amos
Israel and Judah at the Time of Amos
The Setting of Obadiah
The Setting of Jonah
The Near East at the Time of Micah
Micah Prophesies Destruction
The Near East at the Time of Nahum
The Near East at the Time of Habakkuk
The Near East at the Time of Zephaniah
Zephaniah Prophesies against Judah’s Neighbors
Jerusalem at the Time of Haggai
The Near East at the Time of Zechariah
Palestine at the Time of Zechariah
Jerusalem at the Time of Zechariah
The Setting of Malachi
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Maps of the New Testament
The Setting of Matthew
Jesus’ Birth and Flight to Egypt
Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee
Jesus’ Ministry beyond Israel
Jesus’ Final Journey to Jerusalem
Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus
The Last Supper
Jesus’ Arrest, Trial, and Crucifixion
The Setting of Mark
Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee
Jesus’ Ministry beyond Israel
Jesus’ Final Journey to Jerusalem
Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus
The Last Supper
Jesus’ Arrest, Trial, and Crucifixion
The Setting of Luke
Jesus’ Birth and Flight to Egypt
Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee
Jesus Travels to Jerusalem
Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus
The Last Supper
Jesus’ Arrest, Trial, and Crucifixion
Jesus’ Appearances after His Resurrection
The Setting of John
Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus
Jesus Travels through Samaria
Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee
The Last Supper
Jesus’ Arrest, Trial, and Crucifixion
The Setting of Acts
Nations at Pentecost
The Ministry of Philip the Evangelist
Paul’s (Saul’s) Conversion and Early Travels
Peter’s Early Ministry
The Kingdom of Herod Agrippa I
Paul’s First Missionary Journey (Acts 13:4–14:26)
Paul’s Second Missionary Journey (Acts 15:36–18:22)
Paul’s Third Missionary Journey (Acts 18:22–21:17)
Paul’s Arrest and Imprisonment
The Kingdom of Herod Agrippa II
Paul’s Journey to Rome
The Setting of Romans
The Setting of 1 Corinthians
The Setting of 2 Corinthians
The Setting of Galatians
The Setting of Ephesians
The Setting of Philippians
The Setting of Colossians
The Setting of 1 Thessalonians
The Setting of 1 Timothy
The Setting of 2 Timothy
The Setting of Titus
The Setting of James
The Setting of 1 Peter
The Setting of 1 John
The Setting of Revelation
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Map Supplement
The Middle East Today
The World of the Patriarchs
The Exodus from Egypt
The Tribal Allotments of Israel
Israel under Saul, David, and Solomon
The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah
The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires
The Persian and Greek Empires
Israel under the Maccabees
Jerusalem
Palestine under Roman Rule
The Apostles’ Early Ministry
Paul’s First and Second Missionary Journeys
Paul’s Third Missionary Journey and His Voyage to Rome
The Spread of Christianity in the First Two Centuries
The Rise of the Roman Empire
The First Jewish Revolt
The Bar Kochba Revolt
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